airbus a320 gewicht

European Joint Aviation Authorities certification was delivered on 26 February 1988. [8] A 10th variation, conceived in 1973, later the first to be constructed, was designated the A300B10. All 1,499 delivered A320neo family aircraft were in service, while 519 A320ceo family aircraft consisting of 17 A318, 76 A319, 386 A320 and 40 A321 were out of service through retirement or write-off. The maiden flight of the Airbus A321 came on 11 March 1993, when the prototype, registration F-WWIA, flew with IAE V2500 engines; the second prototype, equipped with CFM56-5B turbofans, flew in May. [11] The A319 has proved popular with low-cost airlines such as EasyJet, who has orders for 172, with 172 delivered. [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. In October 2019, Airbus inaugurated a highly automated fuselage structure assembly line for A320 Family aircraft in Hamburg, showcasing an evolution in Airbus' industrial production system. With more efficient turbofans and improvements including sharklets, it offers up to 15% better fuel economy. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. Von der ersten Variante A320-100 wurden lediglich 21 Stück hergestellt. [16], The UK, France and West Germany wanted the responsibility of final assembly and the associated duties, known as "work-share arguments". Air France and British Airways have been the only operators to operate all four variants of the A320ceo family. The Germans requested an increased work-share of 40%, while the British wanted the major responsibilities to be swapped around to give partners production and research and development experience. [109] In February 1990 another A320, Indian Airlines Flight 605, crash landed short of the airport runway in Bangalore, the ensuing fire contributed to the casualty count of 92 of 146 on board. It incorporates removable extra fuel tanks (up to six additional center tanks) which are installed in the cargo compartment, and an increased service ceiling of 12,500 m (41,000 ft). Airbus has delivered 8,605 A320 family aircraft since their certification/first delivery in early 1988, with another 6,056 on firm order (as of 31 December 2018). Its wing sweep is 25 degrees. [16] On 1 March 1984 the government and the manufacturer agreed that £50 million would be paid whether the A320 would fly or not, while the rest would be paid as a levy on each aircraft sold. The A320 is 37.6 m (123 ft) long and can accommodate 150 to 186 passengers. Die A320 war dabei als erste Variante das Basismodell der als Tiefdecker ausgeführten A320-Familie. Final assembly of the first A319 began on 23 March 1995[16] and it was first introduced with Swissair in April 1996. As the A321-100 range was reduced compared to the A320, the heavier and longer range A321-200 development was launched in 1995. [59], Offering 10% more overhead bin volume, more shoulder room, a weight reduction, a new intercom and in-flight entertainment system, noise reduction and slimmer PSU, the enhanced Cabin can be retrofitted. The A320ceo initially competed with the 737 Classic and the MD-80, then their successors, the 737 Next Generation and the MD-90, while the 737 MAX is Boeing's response to the A320neo. [11] The shrink was achieved through the removal of four fuselage frames fore and three aft of the wing, cutting the overall length by 3.73 metres (12 ft 3 in). Airframes would be converted by Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (EFW) in Dresden, Germany, and Zhukovsky, Russia. Eine Gewähr kann nicht übernommen werden. [49], In 2006, Airbus tested three styles of winglet intended to counteract the wing's induced drag and wingtip vortices more effectively than the previous wingtip fence. The Airbus A320 family are low-wing cantilever monoplanes with a conventional empennage with a single vertical stabilizer and rudder. [71], The suppliers providing turbofan engines for the A320 series are CFM International with the CFM56, International Aero Engines offering its V2500, and Pratt & Whitney's PW6000 engines available only for the A318. The A320 would carry 150 passengers over 5,280 or 3,440 km (2,850 or 1,860 nmi) using fuel from wing fuel tanks only. The family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire and side-stick flight controls in airliners. [62] The A319CJ was used by the Escadron de Transport, d'Entraînement et de Calibration which is in charge of transportation for France's officials and also by the Flugbereitschaft of the German Air Force for transportation of Germany's officials. [3], The A318 was born out of mid-1990 studies between Aviation Industries of China (AVIC), Singapore Technologies Aerospace, Alenia and Airbus on a 95- to 125-seat aircraft project. Costing $2 billion (€1.85 billion) to develop, aircraft production was to take place in China. The A320 airframe includes composite materials and aluminium alloys to save weight and reduce the total number of parts to decrease the maintenance costs. The initial converted aircraft first flew on 22 January 2020, to be delivered to Vallair, and it secured EASA supplementary type certificate in February. [8] After three years of design, the maiden flight took place at Hamburg on 15 January 2002. [16] The centre fuselage and undercarriage were reinforced to accommodate the increase in maximum takeoff weight of 9,600 kg (21,200 lb), taking it to 83,000 kg (183,000 lb). [18]:50 The first A320 was delivered to Air France on 28 March 1988. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [35] Range was 5,700 kilometres (3,100 nmi), or 5,950 kilometres (3,210 nmi) with upcoming Sharklets.[35]. [90] Range with eight passengers' payload and auxiliary fuel tanks (ACTs) is up to 11,000 kilometres (6,000 nmi). [83], The baseline A320 has given rise to a family of aircraft which share a common design but with passenger capacity ranges from 100, on the A318,[35] to 220, on the A321. [31] Minor software changes were made to accommodate the different handling characteristics; otherwise the aircraft is largely unchanged. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321 (first delivered in January 1994), the shorter A319 (April 1996), and the even shorter A318 (July 2003). [81] The follow-on aircraft to replace the A320 was named A30X. [63] In August 2019, Qantas Airways was announced as the launch operator for the A321P2F converted freighter, for Australia Post, with up to three aircraft to be introduced in October 2020. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321 (first delivered in January 1994), the shorter A319 (April 1996), and the even shorter A318 (July 2003). [11][25] Its launch came on 24 November 1988 after commitments for 183 aircraft from 10 customers were secured. To that end, it adopted composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-crew flight deck. [34] Both share a wingspan of 31.0 m (101 ft 8 in)[34] and a flight deck similar to that of the A320 family. The second production line was located at Hamburg, which would also subsequently produce the smaller Airbus A319 and A318. The design within the JET study that was carried forward was the JET2 (163 passengers), which then became the Airbus S.A1/2/3 series (Single Aisle), before settling on the A320 name for its launch in 1984. [38] Airbus produced a total of 42 A320s per month in 2015, and expects to increase to 50 per month in 2017. [15] The UK government was unwilling to provide funding for the tooling requested by British Aerospace (BAe) and estimated at £250 million, it was postponed for three years. As of 2010, as well as the 737, the A320 family faces competition from Embraer's E-195 (to the A318), and the CSeries being developed by Bombardier[74] to the A318/A319. For Roger Béteille, then Airbus president, introducing fly-by-wire with flight envelope protection was one of the most difficult decisions he had ever made, explaining: "Either we were going to be first with new technologies or we could not expect to be in the market. March 2019 . It first flew in December 1996 and entered service with Monarch Airlines in April 1997. The A319 is the next derivative of the baseline A320. Power is provided by the CFM56-5A or V2500-A5, derated to 98 kN (22,000 lbf), with option for 105 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust. Die Airbus A380 ist ein vierstrahliges Langstrecken Großraum-Verkehrsflugzeug mit zwei durchgängigen Passagierdecks für maximal 853 Passagiere des europäischen Herstellers Airbus. These include the main displays and the backup artificial horizon, which was previously an analog display. [8] The A321-100 maximum takeoff weight is increased by 9,600 kg (21,200 lb) to 83,000 kg (183,000 lb). Showing posts with the label boeing 747 gewicht. [15] This project was considered the forerunner of Airbus A320, encompassing the 130- to 188-seat market, powered by two CFM56s. [11] To maintain performance, double-slotted flaps were included, in addition to increasing the wing area by 4 m2 (43 sq ft), to 128 m2 (1,380 sq ft). It was formerly also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet, while starting with 2014 it has the marketing designation ACJ319. Three variants are based on the previous A319, A320 and A321. [84] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. Military version like A319 MPA also exists. In June 1977 a new Joint European Transport (JET) programme was set up, established by BAe, Aerospatiale, Dornier and Fokker. In October 2019, it surpassed the Boeing 737 to become the highest-selling airliner. [97] [53] They save US$220,000 and 700 t of CO2 per aircraft per year. The bulk-cargo door was replaced by an aft container door, which can take in reduced height LD3-45 containers. August 2019 . Besonderer Schwerpunkt ist das grosse Flugzeuglexikon mit technischen Daten und Fotos zu fast allen jemals in Serie produzierten Motorflugzeugen. The A320 series has two variants, the A320-100 and A320-200. The A319CJ (rebranded ACJ319) is the corporate jet version of the A319. [103] The record was then improved by the successor, the A320neo family, with 1,420 orders and commitments in less than a year during the Dubai Airshow in November 2011. Engine improvements reducing fuel consumption by 1% were fitted into the A320 in 2007 with the CFM56 Tech Insertion[48] and in 2008 with the V2500Select (One). Power on the A320 would be supplied by two CFM56-5-A1s rated at 25,000 lbf (111.2 kN). Plans from a number of European aircraft manufacturers called for a successor to the relatively successful BAC One-Eleven, and to replace the 737-200 and DC-9. Commercial Aircraft Helicopters Defence Space Innovation Company ... A320 cockpit; A330 cockpit; © 2001 - 2019, Karsten Palt, Leipzig / Deutschland - Alle Rechte vorbehalten. [11] The single-aisle programme created divisions within Airbus about whether to design a shorter-range twinjet rather than a longer-range quadjet wanted by the West Germans, particularly Lufthansa. The first V2500 variant, the V2500-A1, has a thrust output of 25,000 pounds-force (110 kN),[21] hence the name. [10] Germany's MBB (Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm), British Aircraft Corporation, Sweden's Saab and Spain's CASA worked on the EUROPLANE, a 180- to 200-seat aircraft. The 44.5 m (146 ft) A321 offers 185 to 230 seats. [82] In January 2010, John Leahy, Airbus's chief operating officer-customers, stated that an all-new single-aisle aircraft was unlikely to be constructed before 2024 or 2025. Bleiben Sie gespannt!Flugzeuginfo.net ist ein rein privates Webprojekt. Airbus North America President Barry Eccleston stated that the earliest the aircraft could have been available was 2017. [8] Its fuel capacity is increased to 30,030 L (7,930 US gal) and its maximum takeoff weight to 93,000 kg (205,000 lb). [10] The programme was later transferred to Airbus, leading up to the creation of the Single-Aisle (SA) studies in 1980, led by former leader of JET programme, Derek Brown. The A319CJ competes with other ultralarge-cabin corporate jets such as the Boeing 737-700-based Boeing Business Jet (BBJ) and Embraer Lineage 1000, as well as with large-cabin and ultralong-range Gulfstream G650, Gulfstream G550 and Bombardier's Global 6000. After the oil price rises of the 1970s, Airbus needed to minimise the trip fuel costs of the A320. The aircraft entered service in July 2003 with Frontier Airlines, and shares a common type rating with all other Airbus A320 family variants, allowing existing A320 family pilots to fly the aircraft without the need for further training. [112], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. Airbus claimed the 737-300 burns 35% more fuel and has a 16% higher operating cost per seat than the V2500-powered A320. [16] The A321-100 entered service in January 1994 with Lufthansa. [55] The winglets increase efficiency by decreasing lift-induced drag. United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi Amiri Flight), Brussel/Bruxelles - Brussels Airport (EBBR / BRU), A320-111, A320-211, A320-212, A320-214, A320-215, A320-216, A320-231, A320-232, A320-233. The 129 order book for the A318 shrunk to 80 largely because of switches to other A320 family members. Airbus delivered 12 A320ceo variants over the first 10 months of 2020 compared to 313 A320neo variants. Final assembly takes place in Toulouse in France; Hamburg in Germany; Tianjin in China since 2009; and in Mobile, Alabama in the United States since April 2016. Als Airbus-A320-Familie werden die vier Schmalrumpfflugzeug-Baureihen des Flugzeugherstellers Airbus für die Kurz- und Mittelstrecke bezeichnet. The Airbus factory in Tianjin, China assembles A319s, A320s, and A321s; A320s and A321s are also assembled at the Airbus Americas factory in Mobile, Alabama.

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